Convention of States Simulation Report by Marc Abear

At our October 19, 2016 meeting Marc Abear presented the following update on the Convention of States Simulation:

Welcome to COS
Tonight we will review the results of the 1 week “simulated convention.”

Who took part?
•Commissioners were drawn from the ranks of the state legislatures, members of either State Senates or State Houses of Representatives, from all 50 states.
•Delegations were limited to 3 commissioners per state. 
•States were allowed to cast one vote per State.
 
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New Hampshire Delegation
•Senator Garry Daniels 
–Served on the Fiscal Restraints Committee
•Representative Eric Eastman
–Served on the Federal Legislative and Executive Jurisdiction Committee
•Representative Kris Roberts 
–Served on the Term Limits and Federal Jurisdiction Committee

Where was it held?
•Williamsburg Virginia
•Chosen for:
– historical value
–Availability of appropriately sized meeting and conference space.
–Availability of hotel space .
–Availability of transportation.

When was it held?
•Session days were September 21-23
•Time was limited as a matter of practicality for those participating as they have other real world obligations.

What was done?
•The Convention was convened.
•Rules of procedure were adopted.
•A president was chosen.
•Committees decided.
•Articles were drawn and debated in committee.
•Articles were brought to the assembly floor, heard, and voted on by the body.

Proposed Amendment Overview
Six proposed amendments passed on the following ideas:
 
1.The public debt shall not be increased except upon a recorded vote of two-thirds of each house of Congress. 
2.Term limits on Congress. 
3.Limiting federal overreach by returning the Commerce Clause to its original meaning. 
4.Limiting the power of federal regulations by giving an easy congressional override. 
5.Require a super majority for federal taxes and repeal the 16th Amendment. 
6.Give the states (by a 3/5ths vote) the power to abrogate any federal law, regulation or executive order.

Fiscal Restraints Proposal 1
SECTION 1. The public debt shall not be increased except upon a recorded vote of two-thirds of each house of Congress, and only for a period not to exceed one year.
 
SECTION 2. No state or any subdivision thereof shall be compelled or coerced by Congress or the President to appropriate money.
 
SECTION 3. The provisions of the first section of this amendment shall take effect 3 years after ratification.
 
•Vote: 45 Support —Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming
•3 Opposed —Connecticut, Ohio, Oregon
•2 Absent/Abstain —West Virginia, Wisconsin

Fiscal Restraints Proposal 2:
SECTION 1. Congress shall not impose taxes or other exactions upon incomes, gifts, or estates.
 
SECTION 2. Congress shall not impose or increase any tax, duty, impost or excise without the approval of three-fifths of the House of Representatives and three-fifths of the Senate, and shall separately present such to the President.
 
SECTION 3. This Article shall be effective five years from the date of its ratification, at which time the Sixteenth Article of amendment is repealed.
 
Vote: 33 Support —Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
14 Opposed —Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maine, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
3 Absent/Abstain —Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi

Federal Legislative & Executive Jurisdiction Proposal 1
SECTION 1. The power of Congress to regulate commerce among the several states shall be limited to the regulation of the sale, shipment, transportation, or other movement of goods, articles or persons. Congress may not regulate activity solely because it affects commerce among the several states.
 
SECTION 2. The power of Congress to make all laws that are necessary and proper to regulate commerce among the several states, or with foreign nations, shall not be construed to include the power to regulate or prohibit any activity that is confined within a single state regardless of its effects outside the state, whether it employs instrumentalities therefrom, or whether its regulation or prohibition is part of a comprehensive regulatory scheme; but Congress shall have power to define and provide for punishment of offenses constituting acts of war or violent insurrection against the United States.
 
SECTION 3. The Legislatures of the States shall have standing to file any claim alleging violation of this article. Nothing in this article shall be construed to limit standing that may otherwise exist for a person.
 
SECTION 4. This article shall become effective five years from the date of its ratification.
 
Vote: 44 Support —Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin
6 Opposed —Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, New York, Virginia, Wyoming
0 Absent/Abstain —None
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Federal Legislative & Executive Jurisdiction Proposal 2
SECTION 1. The Legislatures of the States shall have authority to abrogate any provision of federal law issued by the Congress, President, or Administrative Agencies of the United States, whether in the form of a statute, decree, order, regulation, rule, opinion, decision, or other form.
 
SECTION 2. Such abrogation shall be effective when the Legislatures of three-fifths of the States approve a resolution declaring the same provision or provisions of federal law to be abrogated. This abrogation authority may also be applied to provisions of federal law existing at the time this amendment is ratified.
 
SECTION 3. No government entity or official may take any action to enforce a provision of federal law after it is abrogated according to this Amendment. Any action to enforce a provision of abrogated federal law may be enjoined by a federal or state court of general jurisdiction in the state where the enforcement action occurs, and costs and attorney fees of such injunction shall be awarded against the entity or official attempting to enforce the abrogated provision.
 
SECTION 4. No provision of federal law abrogated pursuant to this amendment may be reenacted or reissued for six years from the date of the abrogation.
 
Vote: 43 Support —Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
5 Opposed —Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Montana
2 Absent/Abstain —Louisiana, Ohio

Federal Legislative & Executive Jurisdiction Proposal 3:
Whenever one quarter of the members of the United States House of Representatives or the United States Senate transmits to the President their written declaration of opposition to any proposed or existing federal administrative regulation, in whole or in part, it shall require a majority vote of the House of Representatives and Senate to adopt or affirm that regulation. Upon the transmittal of opposition, if Congress shall fail to vote within 180 days, such regulation shall be vacated. No proposed regulation challenged under the terms of this Article shall go into effect without the approval of Congress. Congressional approval or rejection of a rule or regulation is not subject to Presidential veto under Article 1, Section 7 of the U.S. Constitution.
 
Vote: 42 Support —Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
5 Opposed —Connecticut, Illinois, Maine, Montana, New York
3 Absent/Abstain —Louisiana, Oregon, Rhode Island

Federal Term Limits & Judicial Jurisdiction Proposal 1
No person shall be elected to more than six full terms in the House of Representatives. No person shall be elected to more than two full terms in the Senate. These limits shall include the time served prior to the enactment of this Article.
 
Vote: 35 Support —Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
12 Opposed —Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, Ohio, Washington, West Virginia
3 Absent/Abstain —Hawaii, Iowa, Oregon

Posted in Federal, NEWS.